Buy Crypto
Web3 new
Academy > Technical Analysis > Three Black Crows Pattern: All You Need to Know >

Three Black Crows Pattern: All You Need to Know

2021-05-06 06:59:29


  • The Three Black Crows is a bearish chart pattern that appears when bears overwhelm the bullish momentum for three trading sessions in a row.
  • The Three Black Crows pattern generally represents an incoming downtrend.
  • The Three Black Crows pattern is usually quite reliable, but it’s crucial to take factors like volume and trend momentum into account before making any trading decisions.


The cryptocurrency market is a perilous world of breathtaking volatility and adrenaline-fueled trading. To some, it’s a game of chance; to others, an opportunity. Investors constantly observe the market, shuffling through graphs and trend indicators to predict a particular asset’s behavior. Technical analysis is a crucial component of learning to understand markets, but while an indicator can signal whether a trade is likely to be profitable or not, it can’t guarantee it.

Markets are fundamentally unpredictable, but over the years, analysts have noticed patterns regularly emerging amidst the noise – recurring and reproducible market behavior performed under specific conditions.

Chart patterns have existed for a long time and are regularly used by traders and analysts worldwide. Indicators can never say for sure whether the market will sway one way or the other, but technical analysis relies on the psychology of market participants, which hasn’t changed much over the years.

What is the Three Black Crows Pattern?

Patterns come in varying shapes and sizes and often predict the onset of either a bullish or bearish price movement. Bullish patterns usually signal an incoming upward price movement, while bearish patterns indicate imminent price depreciation. The ‘Three Black Crows’ is a bearish chart pattern that appears when bears overwhelm the bullish momentum for three trading sessions in a row.

How to read the Three Black Crows?

Crows are often associated with bad luck, and the Three Black Crows pattern generally represents an incoming downtrend. To understand why we first need to dig into why these patterns form in the first place. Visually, the Three Black Crows pattern appears as three consecutive, long candlesticks that open within the previous candle’s body but close lower than it.

three black crows

Source: Investopedia

How to Trade with The Three Black Crows?

Cryptocurrency markets are infamously volatile, with impressive gains and colossal losses being regular events. A single uninformed decision can wipe out a significant chunk of your profits. In these scenarios, chart patterns like the Three Black Crows can reveal a lot about the market’s potential movements.

The Three Black Crows vs. The Three White Soldiers

There also exists a version of the Three Black Crows pattern that offers a more optimistic perspective – the Three White Soldiers – which looks like the Three Black Crows Pattern happening in reverse as the candles approach the end of a bullish movement. These visual representations on candlestick charts are crucial for traders to recognize and act quickly upon.

The Three White Soldiers pattern can also form after a period of market consolidation. While it is considered a bullish signal, its appearance isn’t as significant as one that appears after a strong uptrend.

However, these patterns can be quite aggressive, and excessively long candles could signify that the bearish momentum has pushed the asset into oversold territory.

In these cases, short-sellers should be wary of the incoming reversal switching into a retracement if bulls exploit their depleted momentum. However, the Three Black Crows pattern doesn’t always indicate that a bearish reversal is incoming. Most patterns give off false signals at least once in a while, and the Three Black Crows pattern is no exception.

To confirm this pattern, traders often use technical indicators like the Relative Strength Index (RSI) and the Stochastic Oscillator to form a more vivid picture of the market. Chart patterns are everywhere, but learning to recognize them and make quick decisions based on them is closer to an art than a science. However, just because a pattern exists doesn’t mean it indicates something. It’s in our nature as humans to observe patterns in randomness, and understanding which patterns are just noise is a crucial part of becoming a better trader.

Market Sentiment

Despite its simple appearance, the Three Black Crows pattern provides traders with a lot of information. Based on each candle’s size and their positions relative to each other, a lot can be revealed about the market sentiment. Long-bodied bearish candles often imply that there’s enormous selling pressure, while shorter candles indicate relative market stability, with similar opening and closing prices.

Sizes of the Three Black Crows Candlestick

Candles themselves also present traders with a lot of information. The size of the candle’s body and whether it’s solid or hollow can be telling of a market’s certainty about a particular price level, and its wicks let you know just how far the asset’s value could extend outside market prices.

Candle wicks appear both above and below each candle, but their lengths are usually not the same. A strong high and a weak close tend to produce a long upper wick, while a longer lower shadow generally arises from the opposite. A longer lower wick implies sellers are in control of the session, pushing the price further down, while a longer upper wick could mean the bulls are making moves to push the price up.

However, once in a while, there are candles with wicks of equal length, which form a ‘spinning top candlestick.’ The appearance of a ‘spinning top candlestick’ shows a stalemate between the bulls and the bears, and is usually attributed to small-bodied candles due to their nearby opening and closing prices.

Since the candles in a Three Black Crows pattern don’t usually have long wicks, it’s important to consider other metrics alongside. For instance, volume levels can provide an additional layer of insight into the market’s direction. Suppose volumes are low leading up to the Three Black Crows pattern but increase during it. In that case, the uptrend can be seen as initially initiated by a smaller group of investors, and a bigger group of bearish investors dramatically reversed their efforts.

The Three Black Crows pattern and Dojis

The Three Black Crows pattern can also form near candles with equal opening and closing prices (dojis). Dojis usually illustrate market indecision before a trend reversal and can support a bearish signal from the Three Black Crows pattern.

The first candle that appears in a Three Black Crows pattern should always be long-bodied, which implies immense selling pressure on the asset. The candle is usually formed at a continuation point for the uptrend and has a closing price lower than the opening price. The second candlestick can be either short or long but is also bearish in nature, and its opening price lies between the midpoint and closing end of the first candlestick.

The third bearish candlestick copies the second in terms of its opening price and is the final defining indicator of falling prices. This triplet of bearish candlesticks is formed for three consecutive market sessions, setting off warning bells to every trader in the market. However, if the third candle appears smaller than the others, it can be a sign of weakness.

The bears are only said to be in control when the second and third candles are approximately the same size. Otherwise, the prices may have formed a hammer, signaling traders that the bulls are back in business.

These candlesticks can also classify as bearish marubozu, which are long-bodied, bearish candlestick patterns that open at the high and close at the low for that session. Similar to the candles in the Three Black Crows pattern, bearish marubozu don’t have any wicks (‘marubozu’ means ‘bald’ in Japanese) and indicate the potential for extreme bearish momentum.

More Implications

The Three Black Crows imply that the market’s bearish momentum has surpassed its upward drive and is a prominent sign that the current trend is weakening. In January this year, the Three Black Crows pattern emerged on the BTCUSD chart. Between the 10th and 12th of the month, prices cascaded lower, marking a temporary pause in Bitcoin’s bull-run.

How accurate is the Three Black Crows Pattern?

Prices dropped even lower soon after but eventually moved back into an upward trend due to the bulls’ resilient pressure. On all three days, the closing price of bitcoin was lower than its opening price. The Three Black Crows pattern is usually quite reliable, but it’s crucial to take factors like volume and trend momentum into account before making any trading decisions. Further, it’s vital to set stops above the pattern’s start to catch the price breaking below it.

During a sudden breach below key support levels, technical indicators provide market participants with a greater advantage over graphically represented data, and this can increase the likelihood of a successful strategy. A mere three-day dip in a security’s market performance doesn’t necessarily guarantee a reversal, and it’s essential to observe and learn about the asset’s price history and stability before trading the Three Black Crows pattern.

If the pattern involves a prominent drop in price, traders should be careful of entering oversold conditions, which can lead to periods of consolidation before further moves downward. Technical indicators like RSI can be especially constructive here, while the Stochastic Oscillator gives investors a better idea of the price momentum.

When markets move upwards with strong momentum for extended periods, it’s only natural for bulls to eventually loosen their grip on the market, perhaps selling off to rake in some profits. The Three Black Crows pattern tells traders that there’s a bearish trend on the horizon, pushing them to take short positions.

Visual patterns are always more open to interpretation than technical indicators, and so they’re more helpful to people that understand the nuances of trading them. Where one analyst sees a bullish signal, others may predict a bearish movement. That being said, neither prediction is wrong until the market makes its decision.

A Murder of Crows

Considering how devastating the Three Black Crows pattern can be, it’s only fitting that it’s represented by crows, a bird usually associated with bad luck. The Three Black Crows pattern belongs to a family of Japanese candlestick patterns that are widely used by traders to predict trend changes and mark their positions, and can help investors enter at the perfect time before the real momentum kicks in.

Limitations of the Three Black Crows Pattern

Since the Three Black Crows pattern predicts trend formations and not short-term breakouts of momentum growth, the trends following a Three Black Crows pattern also last longer than expected. However, like any technical indicator or chart pattern, the Three Black Crows pattern has its limitations.

Since the pattern uses three candles to confirm a change in trend, the price is carried far away from the recent highs/lows, making it much more difficult to trade with low risk-tolerance objectives. It’s also common for a Three Black Crows pattern to create negative market sentiment, which can put additional negative pressure on the price, so it’s necessary to consider all of the market’s components before making any trades.

When more than one force acts on the Three Black Crows pattern, such as a strong negative sentiment, there’s a high chance it will result in a reversal. Though some traders do find success using these patterns on intraday charts, they work best with daily charts for longer-term traders.

Price action of this type on a 5-minute chart will have little to no effect on larger timescales and probably isn’t worth worrying about in the long run. It’s easy to go wrong trading the Three Black Crows because it doesn’t provide analysts with a direct signal of what’s to come, but instead acts as a harbinger of a potential bearish reversal.


All candlestick chart patterns involve identifying visual clues that point towards a potential trend, but the Three Black Crows pattern is a compelling signal of an incoming market downtrend and can give analysts and traders critical market insight from just one glance at the price charts. Though its predictions may be inaccurate here and there, using technical indicators like moving averages and RSI before drawing solid conclusions about an asset’s price action can help identify these false signals more easily.

For any inquiries contact us at
Follow our official Twitter | Join our community on Telegram
Trade crypto on the go: Download for iOS | Download for Android
Phemex | Break Through, Break Free
giftRegister to get $180 Welcome Bonus!
Invitation code (Optional)
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • LinkedIn
  • Telegram
  • Discord
  • Youtube
Subscribe Phemex

Register on Phemex and begin your crypto journey today

Get $180 to Sign Up


Calling New Moderators & Earn Rewards Coming On-chain Soon