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What is Initial Game Offering (IGO): Press Start-Up to Continue

2022-03-10 11:04:24

Blockchain-based video games are an emerging phenomenon, giving cryptocurrency investors a chance to enter further into the profitable world of gaming. The video game industry, already huge, is expected to surpass $200 billion by 2023 — a truly staggering statistic. As a result, many different companies and entrepreneurs have started to think about beginning a new platform of their own to see whether they can corner a small section of this highly lucrative market. One of the best, and therefore most common ways to start a new blockchain-based video game platform is by offering an Initial Game Offering (IGO).

IGO initial game offering

What Is an Initial Game Offering (IGO)?

IGOs (Initial Game Offering) are used as a way for developers to gather funds and monitor the public’s interest in an upcoming project. To do this, a company will sell virtual items, usually in the form of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) or a pre-release of the video game under development.

IGO Definition 

An Initial Game Offering (or IGO) is a crowdfunding operation usually conducted by a developing GameFi tech start-up company. IGOs are essentially launch pads that offer prospective users the opportunity to get involved with, and invest in, video game-based cryptocurrency projects. While sometimes these projects are still in their infancy stage, and highly conceptual, most generally debut as something closer to a finished product. These often allow a would-be investor to interact with said product in some way before it is fully released, giving them a better idea where their money will be going.

IGO Business Model

A high percentage of popular IGO-stage video games are located on Kickstarter, where thousands of projects have been funded by millions of investors (or “backers”) across the globe. Generally speaking, it is more common to encounter a video game in its IGO stage when it is nearing completion. This is partly because, in the past, some backers have been falsely advertised to, and given an inaccurate sense of where their investment is going by unscrupulous developers. Because of this, the IGO business model often faces quite a high level of skepticism, even when developers issue refunds and updates regularly. However, IGOs still remain a popular and viable option for developers trying to get a project off the ground.

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How Do IGOs Work?

Usually, IGOs take place online; where developers will showcase an upcoming project by allowing investors the opportunity to view it in pre-release state, and sometimes even interact with it, if possible. There are many different ways a developer can do this:

  • Word of mouth and forums: If a developer has an idea for a new video game project, one of their first moves will usually be to reach out to its prospective player base through press releases, forums, and online chats/podcasts. While this rarely secures much by way of funding, it does allow the developing company to assess the marketability of the product they are proposing.
  • Artwork and project notes: Developers will often present to interested investors video game artwork and notes on how they plan their game to function. However, if a project is still largely made up of artwork and notes rather than something more substantial, it can be indicative of a highly developmental project, and one that may be subject to change in the future.
  • Graphical showcase: Another way for developers to give investors a preview of a proposed video game project is by posting online graphical showcases made viewable to the public. These will often take place in the form of trailers, non-playable demos, or even just what is essentially moving artwork.
  • Interactive model: Probably the most popular way of raising money for an IGO, some developers allow their investors the chance to play a pre-release version of their upcoming video game. Sometimes this will be a small section of the finished game (like a playable demo), or a large section of an unfinished game. Either way, each option gives an investor the opportunity to interact with a proposed system.

How NFTs Work With IGO?

As mentioned earlier, IGOs also give blockchain-based video game developers an opportunity to raise capital by selling any number of digitized items, which are often encrypted in the form of NFTs:

  • Characters: Developers can sell investors the opportunity to play with rare characters within a digital world that is being created. This gives the opportunity for unique video game-based experiences, making it a popular option in the IGO world.
  • Skins: Skins are usually purely cosmetic upgrades that can be applied to a character within a video game world. As they are an extremely popular form of expression amongst players, they can be sold by developers in order to raise funds.
  • Weapons: As you might expect, weapons are a common fixture in video games that feature combat mechanics and can be sold to investors, allowing them to access abilities and attacks that are unavailable to other players.
  • Items and accessories: Allowing users to access rare items (and the abilities or upgrades they unlock) for a price is another good way for developers to accrue funding.
  • Mystery boxes: Another extremely popular option for IGO developers, mystery boxes are quite simply collections of video game skins, weapons, items, and accessories that can be sold to a player. The mystery comes from the fact that usually the player will have little-to-no idea of what they will be getting when they make the purchase.

NFT video game items supporting IGO

Examples of different NFT video game items (source: Airnfts)

In some extreme cases, the purchase of in-game NFT items is literally required in order to even be able to access a specific video game world. However, most developers see this as short sighted, as it creates a barrier to entry for players who are less financially well-endowed.

What’s the Difference Between an ICO and an IGO?

An Initial Coin Offering (ICO) is a fairly common concept in the cryptocurrency world, and one that is quite probably familiar to regular investors in decentralized finance (DeFi). ICOs allow emerging crypto companies the opportunity to assess the market for a product they plan to release, usually some new version of altcoin. They also permit developers to raise money in order to fund and facilitate the start-up process.


As is fairly easy to see, an ICO is basically an IGO for emerging crypto companies; or, to put it another way, an IGO is essentially a video game platform’s ICO. Either way, the similarities between the two are many and obvious to even the most casual observer. However, there are some small differences in the ways that an ICO and an IGO will conduct their operations:

  1. Funding stage: While it’s more common for a video game to be in the final stages of development before trying to acquire funding via an IGO, this is not the case for ICOs. Instead, cryptocurrency companies will often put out their product early on simply to determine viability, and the public’s interest/opinion.
  2. Return on investment: In addition, while IGOs are often partially conducted to market certain in-game products, it’s far more common for ICOs to offer little to nothing tangible in the form of early returns for their investors.
  3. The product: Basically, the largest difference between the two is simply the product they are selling. ICOs usually market a product with very limited usability, whereas IGOs sell digital items and accessories that can be used with-in a video game world (although this is admittedly still rather limited).

Simply put, there are almost certainly more similarities between IGOs and ICOs than there are differences. However, perhaps in part because of this, knowing and understanding the difference is important if you wish to begin investing in crypto, or video game-based currencies.

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How Do I Invest In an IGO?

There are several extremely popular and important platforms that host IGO projects, though perhaps none as large as the three mentioned here:

  • GameFi: Many Initial Game Offerings go through an online platform called GameFi. The site fully facilitates interactions between user and developer, allowing investors to select the configuration of IGO that best suits them. Dependent on the platform you select, investors are also given the option to invest using a number of different methods. GameFi also offers its own tokens (GAFI), which users can purchase and then donate to developers in order to help fund their start-up.
  • Gamestarter: Gamestarter specializes specifically in blockchain-based video game start-ups. By allowing its users to invest using various forms of currency, including fiat and crypto, Gamestarter opens up the investment pool to a huge number of interested parties. The platform is designed to be user friendly and bridge the gap between a developing company and its prospective clients/users. Again, Gamestarter offers its own tokens, called GAME, which are the preferred purchase method on the platform.
  • Kickstarter: Though not specifically used for IGOs, Kickstarter has seen many different Initial Game Offerings hosted on their popular, immense platform. Kickstarter is perhaps the most popular crowdfunding application found online and has become synonymous with many successful projects. This includes Oculus, the VR-technology giant who was sold to Facebook in 2014 for over $2 billion (just two years after securing funding). Kickstarter is not primarily crypto focused, unlike the other two platforms mentioned, and functions largely through fiat currency interaction. However, they have proposed plans to accept crypto payments in the future.

All of these platforms allow those interested to browse through many hundreds of different projects, and accurately determine the best approach for them and their investment. With the huge rise in popularity that blockchain-based gaming has seen since its inception, it seems likely there will be more names to add to this list in the future.

How Do IGOs Impact NFTs and Cryptocurrency?

IGOs can affect the sales of in-game NFTs massively, in part because they give the consumer a chance to interact with and fully realize the potential for an upcoming project. This has been known to inflate the value of certain in-game items, and even, in some extreme cases, the very digital currencies used to purchase them. In addition, because games that use IGO methodology in order to achieve full release are often blockchain-based, IGOs and cryptocurrencies are intrinsically linked in more ways than one.

While at the moment the opportunities for an emerging IGO are still rather limited, as this is still a very new concept, it seems more than likely this will not last. The advent of huge shared, online, and digital spaces, such as pre-existing MMO games and the very Metaverse itself, will allow for all sorts of opportunities to be realized by ambitious developers. Developers need investors in order to achieve their ambitions, just as investors often need developers to achieve their own; all they collectively need is a platform to bridge the gap between them. IGOs provide that platform, which is precisely what makes them useful to developers and investors alike.

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IGOs and ICOs represent two of the best, and most popular, ways for developing companies to market, share, and secure investment for their new products. Whether selling a new game, a new currency, or any other form of digital investment, companies that conduct such crowdfunding activities can present an exciting opportunity for investors. However, diligence is advised; while most companies operating an IGO (or ICO, for that matter) are usually true in their intentions, there have been times where this is not the case. It is important to do your own research into any company you plan to invest in, in order to determine what works best for you and your intended strategy.

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