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Crypto Minting vs Mining: What’s The Difference?

Author: Jeffrey Craig Date: August 7, 2021

There is an ongoing discussion among newcomers to the crypto and blockchain industry about how cryptocurrencies are created, and it’s a discussion that carries many parallels to how regular currencies are created. Nonetheless, cryptocurrency mining is different from gold mining, and cryptocurrency minting is different than real-life coin minting.

Minting & Mining Cryptocurrencies

 

What Is Cryptocurrency Mining?

Cryptocurrency mining is the process of recording and verifying transactions on a public digital record of transactions, known as a blockchain. In order to do that, miners solve complex mathematical problems and in return, there is the possibility they will be rewarded with cryptocurrency. As a result of mining in the Proof-of-Work sense, a new block is mined. Mining new blocks allows for the blockchain’s continuation.

Thus, mining serves two purposes:

  1. to create new coins;
  2. to maintain a log of all the existing token transactions.

Is Crypto Minting A Part Of Mining?

Interestingly, minting is a part of mining when new coins come into existence through Proof-of-Work. For example, when a new block is hashed for the first time in the Bitcoin network, it triggers a minting of new coins.

What Is Cryptocurrency Minting?

Minting is the process of validating information, creating a new block, and recording that information into the blockchain. Thus, Proof-of-Stake is the minting process for how blocks are created and how data is added to a block.

Under the Proof-of-Stake mechanism, coins are not minted through mining, but rather through staking. Proof-of-Stake does not have miners, it has validators, and it does not let people mine new blocks, but instead lets people mint or forge new blocks.

This is the primary difference between crypto mining and minting, and it’s really a difference between Proof-of-Work and Proof-of-Stake.

What Is Minting NFT?

NFT minting is a process of publishing a non-fungible token (NFT) on the blockchain and making it available for purchase. To know more about it, read How to Mint An NFT: A Complete Guide.

Conclusion

The main difference in the way cryptocurrencies are minted is that one requires Proof-of-Work, which is done through mining, and the other through Proof-of-Stake, which is done through staking. The coins being minted is the end, but the means to the end are what differentiates PoW and PoS minting. Nonetheless, both processes have the same goal, which is to secure the blockchain and distribute the newly minted tokens in a decentralized way, just through different means.


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